Yeah China is going to be a big force in science in the coming years. America has the most Noble prize winners in science, but the Faroe Islands have the most noble prize winners per head of population. 1 in every 50,000 people there have a noble prize 🙂
It seems to change with the decades… A country will have a boom and invest loads in science. Then their economy will crash and they will stop investing in science. Hopefully our economy picks back up again!